MySQL Remote Access

MySQL database server remote access disabled for security reasons. However, some time you need to provide the remote access to database server from home or from web server.

MySQL Remote Access

You need type the following commands which will allow remote connections:

Step # 1: Login over ssh if server is outside your IDC

First, login over ssh to remote MySQL database server
Step # 2: Enable networking

Once connected you need edit the mysql configuration file my.cfg using text editor such as vi.
* If you are using Ubuntu Linux file is located at /etc/mysql/my.cnf location
* If you are using Debian Linux file is located at /etc/mysql/my.cnf location
* If you are using Red Hat Linux/Fedora/Centos Linux file is located at /etc/my.cnf location
* If you are using FreeBSD you need to create a file /var/db/mysql/my.cnf

# vi /etc/my.cnf
# vi /etc/mysql/my.cnf fro Ubuntu 8
$ sudo gedit /etc/mysql/my.cnf fro Ubuntu 8

Step # 3: Once file opened, locate line that read as follows

[mysqld]

#
# * Basic Settings
#

#
# * IMPORTANT
# If you make changes to these settings and your system uses apparmor, you may
# also need to also adjust /etc/apparmor.d/usr.sbin.mysqld.
# Default bind-address is 127.0.0.1 Here You have to change your System IP Address

Make sure line skip-networking is commented (or remove line) and add following line

bind-address=YOUR-SERVER-IP

For example, if your MySQL server IP is 75.65.35.10 then entire block should be look like as follows:

[mysqld]
user = mysql
pid-file = /var/run/mysqld/mysqld.pid
socket = /var/run/mysqld/mysqld.sock
port = 3306
basedir = /usr
datadir = /var/lib/mysql
tmpdir = /tmp
language = /usr/share/mysql/English
bind-address = 75.65.35.10
# This is the Place We have To Change Your IP Adress .
#This will Enable MySQL Database From Remote .Defaultly It is 127.0.01
# skip-networking

* bind-address : IP address to bind to.
* skip-networking : Don’t listen for TCP/IP connections at all. All interaction with mysqld must be made via Unix sockets. This option is highly recommended for systems where only local requests are allowed. Since you need to allow remote connection this line should removed from file or put it in comment state.

Step# 4 Save and Close the file

Restart your mysql service to take change in effect:

# /etc/init.d/mysql restart

Step # 5 Grant access to remote IP address

# mysql -u root -p mysqlGrant access to new database

If you want to add new database called foo for user “tab” and remote IP 192.94.10.50 then you need to type following commands at mysql> prompt:mysql> CREATE DATABASE foo;

mysql> GRANT ALL ON foo.* TO tab@’192.94.10.50′ IDENTIFIED BY ‘PASSWORD’;

How Do I Grant access to existing database?

Let us assume that you are always making connection from remote IP called 192.94.10.50 for database called webdb for user webadmin, To grant access to this IP address type the following command At mysql> prompt for existing database:mysql> update db set Host=’192.94.10.50′ where Db=’webdb’;

mysql> update user set Host=’192.94.10.50′ where user=’webadmin’;

Step # 5: Logout of MySQL

Type exit command to logout mysql:mysql> exit

Step # 6: Open port 3306

You need to open port 3306 using iptables or BSD pf firewall.
A sample iptables rule to open Linux iptables firewall

/sbin/iptables -A INPUT -i eth0 -p tcp –destination-port 3306 -j ACCEPT

OR only allow remote connection from your web server located at 10.10.1.1:

/sbin/iptables -A INPUT -i eth0 -s 10.10.1.1 -p tcp –destination-port 3306 -j ACCEPT

OR only allow remote connection from your lan subnet 192.168.1.0/24:

/sbin/iptables -A INPUT -i eth0 -s 192.168.1.0/24 -p tcp –destination-port 3306 -j ACCEPT

A sample FreeBSD / OpenBSD pf rule ( /etc/pf.conf)

pass in on $ext_if proto tcp from any to any port 3306

OR allow only access from your web server located at 10.10.1.1:

pass in on $ext_if proto tcp from 10.10.1.1 to any port 3306 flags S/SA synproxy state

Step # 7: Test it

From remote system or your desktop type the command:

$ mysql -u webadmin –h 75.65.35.10 –p

Where,

* -u webadmin: webadmin is MySQL username
* -h IP or hostname: 75.65.35.10 is MySQL server IP address or hostname (FQDN)
* -p : Prompt for password

You can also use telnet to connect to port 3306 for testing purpose:$ telnet 75.65.35.10 3306
==================================================================>

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s