limit the activities

Posted: 1p in Linux

We want to limit the activities or command to run for specific user then, how to limit a shell? here are the steps to create limited shell.

Add a user who can execute some specific commands.

1. Create a link named rbash from bash.

# ln -s /bin/bash /opt/rbash

2. Add a user that his default shell is rbash and set he can execute only ping.

# useradd lsuser -s /opt/rbash
# passwd lsuser
# mkdir /home/lsuser/bin
# ln -s /bin/ping /home/lsuser/bin/ping
# chown root. /home/lsuser/.bash_profile
# chmod 755 /home/lsuser/.bash_profile
# vi /home/lsuser/.bash_profile

# change PATH like follows

3. Login with the test user.

$ cd
-rbash: cd: restricted # denied
$ ls
-rbash: ls: command not found # none
$ ping localhost
PING localhost ( 56(84) bytes of data.
64 bytes from localhost ( icmp_seq=1 ttl=64 time=0.045 ms
64 bytes from localhost ( icmp_seq=2 ttl=64 time=0.008 ms
64 bytes from localhost ( icmp_seq=3 ttl=64 time=0.008 ms

localhost ping statistics
3 packets transmitted, 3 received, 0% packet loss, time 2157ms
rtt min/avg/max/mdev = 0.008/0.020/0.045/0.017 ms  # executed

  1. This is extremely good. I was amazed to find this info so well put together, definitely planning to post this on facebook so the husband can find it. Cheers!

  2. Hi, your website is really good. I truly do appreciate your good results.

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